Word-key: Atlantic bush, devastao, ecosystem, extinguishing, monkey muriqui, ambient education. INTRODUCTION history of Brazil is inexorably on to Atlantic Mata. The forest that covered most of the coast of the country when the Portuguese had arrived, in century XVI, started to be destroyed already at the first moments of the settling, with the extration of wood-Brazil. It was in the domnios of Atlantic Mata that had appeared first population nuclei e, later, the great cities. Today, it has only 7% of the original bush, in an area where 60% of the population live and concentrates good part of the agricultural and industrial production of the country.
The survival of the ecosystem depends on the conservation of the remainders of the forest, a time that it shelters seven of the nine hidrogrficas basins of the country, regulates the flow of the water sources, assures the fertility of the ground, control the climate and protects the hillsides. Without these natural services of the bush, the life will become each more difficult time in the region, with the global heating, the challenge to preserve the remainders can show still more complex. Still thus, bioma one of richest is considered in biodiversity of the world. They are 2,181 species of animals and more than 20 a thousand of plants only between the catalogued ones. In the last centuries she has been registered a gradual reduction of habitats where we live muriquis, what it has made with that its population has diminished the critical levels. The threats that affect the survival of the muriquis are different between the protecting areas (Units of conservation) and private areas: – The units of Conservation (UCs) of forests are less vulnerable to the loss of habitat, however, they are more vulnerable the illegal hunting and to the traffic of animals; – The small forests of particular property are citizens to the destination that its proprietors come to give to it.